On this brief we shall the properties of the Fynbos region. The factors for each property are as follows.
- Cool, wet winters (winter rainfall area) and hot, dry summers
- The Fynbos region on average receives 1000mm of rain annually.
- Due to maritime climate there is only a 10% difference between summer and winter temperatures.
- Wind is an unavailable factor in the Fynbos region with average wind speeds reaching up to 30km per hour.
Type of soil
- Most of the soil in the Fynbos region is sandy, acidic and not vey fertile due to the leaching of nutrients.
- However the Renosterveld part of the region consists of high fertility soil and can support more animals
- It consists of evergreen shrubs with hard leaves.
- Few trees and grasses occur and grow.
- Includes 8 600 flowering plant species
- It is one of the richest floral regions in the world
- Fire is an important factor in the germination of seeds
- Approximately 68% of the plant species are endemic
- A wide variety of animals occur, including the grysbok, steenbok , bontebok, geometric tortoise, porcupine, leopard and Cape Baboon
- There is a variety of bird species , especially nectar and seed-eating birds
Threats to Fynbos
- The Fynbos vegetation is at threat as 1 700 of its plant species are bound to be extinct
- The city of Cape Town sits squarely on two such centres of endemism and several hundred species are threatened
- The spread of alien plants such as hakea, The Australian wattles Acacia Cyclops commonly known as Rooikrans and Acacia saligna commonly known as Port Jackson , and pine trees from Europe
- Frequent fires and fires in the wrong season
- Commercial afforestation
- Development of housing estates and farms
Presented by: Phenyo SCHILLO Gaborone, Luyanda Jonas, Fayaadh Cassim, Muaz Bismilla (Grade 10)