Biomes of South Africa Kalahari desert

Image from Gondwana Collection Namibia, copyright Hentie Burger

Image from Gondwana Collection Namibia, copyright Hentie Burger

The savannah is the largest biome in south Africa and covers about 34,3 % of the surface of the country.

This biome stretches from the Kalahari in the North West to the Lowveld in the northeast.

Climate

Renosterveld tends to occur where rainfall is between 250(rarely to 200mm) to 600mm per year and at least 30% falls in winter

Type of soil

Renosterveld is typically confined to fine grained soil, mainly clays and silt in drier regions it also occurs on cape granite suite-delivered soils.

Vegetation

Predominantly grasses, e.g. red grasses and trees, e.g. baobab , mopane, camel thorn, monkey thorn and knob thorn, occur.

Animal life

The Kalahari (savannah) is known for the wild animals that occur here, including the ‘big five’: elephant , rhinoceros, leopard, lion and buffalo

Threats

One of the largest threats to the environment is cattle farming. Farmers construct fences and clear the land of native vegetation, which many animals depend on for food and shelter. The grazers also poison  many animals which can greatly disrupt the ecosystem

Presented by :  Sefolo,Phera, Mokotjomela, Mashego, Cassim

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